Acne is a daily struggle for millions of people. It has a way of sneaking under our skin and reappearing when we least expect it. But, realistically, how much do we know about acne? Most of us only wash our faces with soap and water and hope for the best, but there’s a lot more to it than that.
What is Acne?
Acne is defined as a skin disorder in which the hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, or germs. When bacteria have nowhere to go beneath the skin, they will work their way out. That’s when we obtain a red blemish on our skin’s surface.
Causes of Acne
There are three main variables that lead to acne’s development. Overproduction of oil, frequent shedding of dead skin cells (resulting in irritation of the hair follicles), and bacteria buildup are among them. Besides of these factors, some things, such as hormones, certain medications, and nutrition, might aggravate acne.
Don’t get too caught up in the term “diet.” Fried food and chocolate, for example, have been shown to have no effect on acne. High dairy consumption, on the other hand, has been linked to acne in certain persons.
Types of Acne
Acne can arise in a variety of different ways. Papules are the most major form of acne, which are little, raised red lumps that can be painful. Inflammation or infection in the hair follicles causes these.
Pustules or pimples are the second kind of acne. They’re also red, tender pimples, but they’re topped with white pus. Acne of this sort is also fairly common.
The third category isn’t as prevalent as the first two. It’s known as nodules. Large, solid-like lumps that remain underneath the skin’s surface are known as nodules. Secretions develop up deep within hair follicles, causing them to swell.
Cysts are the fourth type acne. These are pus-filled tumors beneath the skin’s surface that are extremely uncomfortable.
Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are the most prevalent components in over-the-counter treatment. Salicylic acid inhibits congested pores, meanwhile benzoyl peroxide kills microorganisms that cause acne.
If you’re using a product that contains benzoyl peroxide, don’t be worried if your skin becomes dry or flaky. This is because benzoyl peroxide is used to dry out existing blemishes. It can even be used to treat acne that is difficult to treat, such as nodules. However, if your skin becomes excessively dry as a result of your products, it can lead to even more breakouts. If you see an increase in peeling or dryness, reduce your use or select an acne-fighting moisturizer to help balance things out.
Salicylic acid has its own set of negative effects that you should be aware of if you’re taking a product that contains it. When the product is applied to the skin, it can cause slight stinging, and it can also make your skin more sensitive to the sun.